Israeli F-35s escort US Air Force B-52 strategic bombers.InternationalIndiaAfricaBurdened by decades of Western restrictions on arms imports in the wake of the 1979 revolution, the Islamic Republic has created a powerful homegrown defense sector, ranging from radar and missile systems to satellites and defense electronics.Iranian engineers have created technologies capable of detecting the “fingerprints” of enemy equipment – including the radar signature identifying individual Lockheed Martin F-35 fighter jets, Iran Electronics Industries (IEI) chief Brig. Gen. Amir Rastegari has revealed.”We have the fingerprints of the enemy’s electronic equipment. Just as fingerprints are unique to humans, this is also the case in regard to electromagnetic systems, and we have achieved the technology [to detect them] for several years,” the official said in an interview with local media.
"For example, if the radar of an F-35 fighter begins operations and surveillance, it emits radar waves which are different from those of another’s F-35’s radar waves. Today, we are capable of recognizing them, that is, we can receive and analyze the telecommunication, radio and magnetic signals and find out the warplane they belong to. If the same fighter jet starts operating later, we will immediately find out about it," Rastegari explained.
This capability to monitor “all dimensions” of the electromagnetic waves projected by enemy aircraft allows Iran to plan its defensive operations accordingly, the official said.MilitaryUS Navy Blames Rookie Pilot for Disastrous F-35 Crash That Saw Jet Plummet Into South China Sea22 February, 04:15 GMTIran has also gained the ability to bombard the radar and communications systems of enemy aircraft with radio waves to disrupt their operations, and has successfully tested its systems out against real-world adversaries, Rastegari said.
"Some time ago, an enemy aircraft approached to within our airspace boundaries and began emitting radar waves to collect information. We jammed this aircraft, but the enemy pilot thought his system was malfunctioning and called back to base, saying ‘my systems have encountered a problem, I will return.’ We have records of this exchange. The next day, two more enemy planes approached…This time we disrupted both of them," the official noted. "As soon as we began to disrupt them, the two planes realized that our ground systems were jamming them, so they radioed to base that a 'jammer is operating here and we can no longer operate.' This capability exists in our Armed Forces today. We can disrupt [the enemy] if we see a threat at distances of several hundred kilometers away."
Rastegari, a veteran of fierce skirmishes between Iranian and US forces operating in the Persian Gulf during the Iran-Iraq War, recalled that as a young officer on board an Iranian warship which engaged the powerful US 5th Fleet, he had to observe with “bitterness” how Iran’s military was forced to rely on WWII-era flak cannons to engage American A-6 Intruder jet aircraft, allowing the US planes to effectively act with impunity.
“But that is not the case today,” the brigadier general emphasized, pointing to dramatic advances in radar and missile technology which allowed Iran’s defenses to down a stealthy US Global Hawk spy drone in 2019 after it intruded into Iranian airspace over the Strait of Hormuz with a single shot.
‘Any Airborne Object Can Be Detected, Tracked, Dealt With’: Iran Boasts of Power of Indigenous Radar17 January 2022, 14:11 GMTThe official characterized the current era as the era of a “sixth generation” of warfare consisting of hybrid and network-oriented war, smart weapons, unmanned weapons systems and artificial intelligence. To remain a step ahead of the enemy, Iran’s radar and electronic warfare systems must be able to see the enemy before they see Iran, he stressed.Iran is already engaged in an “electronic war” against its adversaries, Rastegari noted, with enemies testing the nation’s airspace defenses on a regular basis. Iran’s air and border defense forces are also forced to engage in a constant battle against micro-drones, with the military using electronic warfare tools to bring them down before they can reach their targets.Iran Electronic Industries (IEI) is a state-owned company and is the largest electronics company in the Islamic Republic. Its products have provided the Middle Eastern nation with a panoply of homegrown equipment ranging from radar and electro-optics to electronic warfare systems and encrypted telecommunications, satellites, sonar and network-based warfare systems. The defense electronics sector has also shared some of its know-how with the civilian economy, helping Iran to solve problems stemming from Western sanctions.MilitaryIran Forces US Sub Sneaking Through Hormuz Strait to Surface20 April, 13:58 GMT